Gum disease affects nearly half of all adults in the United States. Early stages of gum disease are presented as gingivitis, which is essentially inflammation and/or bleeding of the gums.
Inflammation can be alleviated through regular dental visits and good home care. However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it will eventually advance to a more serious condition, called periodontitis, for which there is no cure.
A patient with periodontitis will experience gum recession, which will expose the bone and cause tooth sensitivity. Additionally, gum pockets will form, allowing for the accumulation of bacteria. Accumulated bacteria spreads and proliferates below the gums. The immune system will begin to break down the bones, gums, and other supporting tissue in an effort to fight the infection. If left untreated, patients will lose their teeth.